Cybersecurity is a complex topic that requires knowledge to explore it and make it effective against the threats that may arise against an organization and its data.
Today, cyber threats have evolved and these types of attacks have been improving to be more and more effective.
One of the most common methods used to threaten cybersecurity is Malware, software that a cybercriminal or hacker has created to disrupt or damage a legitimate user's computer. Often spread via an unsolicited email attachment or legitimate-looking download.
There are different types of malware, including the following:
Virus: A program that, when reproduced, embeds itself in a clean file and spreads throughout the computer system, infecting files.
Trojans: A seemingly legitimate and harmless type of malware used by cybercriminals who trick users into uploading Trojans to their computers, where they cause damage or collect data.
Spyware: A program that secretly records what a user does so that cybercriminals can make use of this information.
Ransomware: Malware that locks a user's files and data, with the threat of deletion, unless a ransom is paid.